Tianjin, China

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JohoMaps! 2006

 

City Map of Tianjin
  Date:   Aug, 2006 (2nd Ed)
Map format:   jpeg
Dimension:   645 x 866 pixels (265 kb)
Copyright holder:   Johomaps!
Conditions of using this map:   Unlimited educational use, free download.  Free web posting with web link to www.johomaps.net
Computer Specifics:   Prepared using Adobe Illustrator
   
   

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City Info

Other names of Tianjin:
Jin (short form)
Tientsin (Old transliteration)

Adjective: Tianjinese (rarely used)
Short form: Jin (津)

Tianjin (From Wikipedia)
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Tianjin (Chinese: 天津; Pinyin: Tiānjīn; Postal System Pinyin: Tientsin) is one of the four municipalities of the People's Republic of China. As a municipality, Tianjin has provincial-level status and comes directly under the central government. Tianjin's urban area is the third largest city in Mainland China.

Tianjin's urban area is located along the Hai He River. Its ports, some distance away, are located on Bohai Gulf of the Pacific Ocean. Tianjin Municipality borders Hebei province to the north, south, and west; the municipality of Beijing in a small portion to the northwest; and Bohai Gulf to the east.

History

The land where Tianjin lies today was created in historical times by sedimentation of various rivers entering the sea at Bohai Bay, including the Yellow River, which entered the sea in this area at one point.

The opening of the Grand Canal of China during the Sui Dynasty prompted the development of Tianjin into a trading center. Until 1404 Tianjin was called "Zhigu" (直沽), or "Straight Port". In that year, the Emperor Yongle renamed the city "Tianjin", literally "Heaven Ford", to mean that the emperor (son of heaven) forded the river at that point. This is because he had indeed forded the river at Tianjin while on a campaign to wrest the throne from his nephew. A fort was established at Tianjin, known as "Tianjin Wei" (T: 天津衛 / S: 天津卫), meaning "Fort Tianjin".

Tianjin was promoted to a prefecture in 1725. Tianjin County was established under the prefecture in 1731.

In 1856 Chinese soldiers boarded The Arrow, a Chinese-owned ship registered in Hong Kong flying the British flag and suspected of piracy, smuggling and of being engaged in the opium trade. They captured 12 men and imprisoned them. In response the British and French sent gunboats under the command of Admiral Sir Michael Seymour to capture the Taku forts near Tianjin in May 1858. At the end of the first part of the Second Opium War in June of the same year, the Treaties of Tianjin were signed, which opened Tianjin to foreign trade. The treaties were ratified by the Emperor of China in 1860, and Tianjin was formally opened to the outside world. Between 1895 and 1900 Britain and France were joined by the empires of Japan, Germany and Russia, and even by countries without other Chinese concessions such as Austria-Hungary, Italy and Belgium, in establishing self-contained concessions in Tianjin, each with its own prisons, schools, barracks and hospitals.

The presence of foreign influence in Tianjin was not always peaceful; one of the most serious violent incidents to take place was the Tianjin Church Incident (天津教案). In June 1870, Wanghailou Church (T: 望海樓教堂 / S: 望海楼教堂) in Tianjin, built by French missionaries one year earlier, was implicated in the kidnapping, death by neglect, and improper burial of Chinese children. On June 21, the magistrate of Tianjin County initiated a showdown at the church that developed into violent clashes between the church's Christian supporters and non-Christian Tianjin residents. The furious protestors eventually burned down Wanghailou Church and the nearby French consulate. After the incident, France and six other Western nations complained to the Qing government, which was forced to pay compensation for the incident.

In June 1900, the Boxers were able to seize control of much of Tianjin. On June 26 belligerent European forces headed towards Beijing were stopped by Boxers at nearby Langfang, and were defeated and forced to turn back to Tianjin. The foreign concessions also came under siege for several weeks.

Tianjin was established as a municipality of China in 1927.

On July 30, 1937, Tianjin fell to Japan, as part of the Second Sino-Japanese War, but not entirely occupied, respecting non-foe foreign concessions. During the occupation Tianjin was ruled by the North China Executive Committee, a puppet state based in Beijing. Japanese occupation lasted until August 15, 1945, the surrender of Japan marking the end of World War II.

After 1945, Tianjin became base to American forces. In December 1946, the rape of a Beiping (now Beijing) female university student by an American soldier, together with a series of rapes that had previously occurred in Tianjin, sparked protests in Tianjin that culminated in a demonstration on January 1, 1947 involving thousands of students. American troops pulled out of Tianjin in June 1947.

Communist forces took Tianjin on January 15, 1949, following a 29-hour long battle. After communist takeover, Tianjin remained a municipality of China, except between 1958 and 1967, when it was reduced to be a part of and the capital of Hebei province. The Tangshan earthquake of 1976 killed 23,938 people in Tianjin and did heavy damage.

After China began to open up in the late 1970s, Tianjin has seen rapidly development, though it is now lagging behind other important cities like Shanghai, Beijing, and Guangzhou.

Interactive Maps (with Rating by Johomaps *) - External Links


Baidu.com (Chinese Only) General Rating:
  • Interface is very similar to Google Maps
  • Click on the orange squares, they represent major metropolitan areas where detailed street maps are available.
  • Very detailed mapping for the country side including names of many small villages
  • Subway routes included for major cities, but stations are not shown.
  • Accurate highway information but some projection errors are found in known areas.
  • User-friendliness: 4/5
  • Printer-friendliness: 4/5 (Use the print command on the top right hand corner)
Required Program None
Orthophoto  
Road Names and Highway Numbers
Additional Info N/A

 

Mapabc.com (Chinese Only) General Rating:
  • First Interactive Maps of China
  • Accurate information on streets and highways of most major cities in China.  Relative lack of information on rural areas.  As many other maps of China, it has difficulties catching up with the extreme speed of infrastructure construction. Some erroneous information on roads, for instance, a few highways are not actually highways.
  • Select city, province or regions in the middle column and go from there.
  • The Zoom tool is on the right margin of the map window.
  • User-friendliness: 3/5
  • Printer-friendliness: 4/5
Required Program Java Applet
Orthophoto  
Road Names and Highway Numbers (no hwy numbers)
Additional Info N/A

 

Google Map (Satellite Imagery)
  • Map not available yet
  • Detailed image of Tianjin
Required Program N/A
Orthophoto  
Road Names and Highway Numbers
Additional Info N/A

 

Reference Maps  - External Links


Map and info of Tianjin's Subway System (Urban Rail. net)
Maps and the most updated info on the subway system of Tianjin

 

Google Sat Photo
 
  • Map not available yet, satellite photo only
Required Program No
Orthophoto  
Road names and highway numbers
Additional Info N/A

 

* Ratings are based solely on opinions of our map reviewers.  Financial support and benefits to the web site have no influence on the ratings.