Chongqing, China

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Metro Map of Chongqing

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JohoMaps! 2006

 

Metro Map of Chongqing
  Date:   Mar, 2006
Map format:   jpeg
Dimension:   836 x 538 pixels (353 kb)
Copyright holder:   Johomaps!
Conditions of using this map:   All rights reserved
Computer Specifics:   Prepared using Adobe Illustrator
   
   

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Other names of Chongqing:
Chongking (obsolete)


Short form: Yu (渝)

Chongqing (From Wikipedia)
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Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: 重庆; Traditional Chinese: 重慶; Hanyu Pinyin: Chngqng; Wade-Giles: Ch'ung-ch'ing; Postal System Pinyin: Chungking) is the largest and most populous of the People's Republic of China's four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. The municipality of Chongqing has a population of 32,355,000 (2004), most of them living outside the urban area of Chongqing proper, over hundreds of square miles of farmland. The population of the urban area of Chongqing proper was estimated at 3.4 million in 2004, ranking approximately as the 10th largest urban area of China. Including the unregistered migrants from the countryside, the population of the urban area could be as high as 7.5 million.

The municipal abbreviation, Y (渝), was approved by the State Council on April 18, 1997. Yu had previously been used by the Kuomintang. It is the old name of a part of the Jialing River that runs through Chongqing with the Yangtze.

History

Chongqing is said to be the semi-mythical State of Ba that began in 11th century BC, when the Ba people began living here until they were destroyed by the State of Qin in 316 BC. The Qin emperor ordered a new city to be constructed, called Jiang (江州) and Chu Prefecture (楚州).

In 581 AD (Sui Dynasty), Chongqing was renamed to Yu Prefecture (渝州).

In 1102, the city was renamed Gong Prefecture.

In 1189, when Prince Zhao Dun of the Southern Song Dynasty was first made a king then crowned as Emperor Guangzong, he commented that it was "double/repeated happy celebration" (雙重喜慶), so renamed Yu Prefecture to Chongqing Subprefecture.

In 1362 (Yuan Dynasty), Ming Yuzhen, a peasant rebel leader, established Daxia Kingdom at Chongqing for a short time.

In 1621, another short-lived kingdom of Daliang was established there.

In 1891, Chongqing became the first inland commerce port open to foreigners.


Since 1929, Chongqing was a municipality of the Republic of China. Chongqing was the provisional capital of the government of Chiang Kai-shek during the Second Chinese-Japanese War from 1937 to 1945 and was heavily bombed by the Japanese Air Force, called "Bombing of Chongqing". It holds the distinction of being the most bombed city in history. During the war a lot of factories and universities from eastern China were moved to Chongqing and surrounding areas, transforming it from an inland port to a heavy-industrial city.

In 1954, the municipality was reduced to a provincial city of the People's Republic.

For three years, Chongqing had been a sub-provincial city of Sichuan Province, until March 14, 1997, as decided in the Eighth National People's Congress, the original Chongqing City was merged with the neighbouring Fuling, Wanxian, and Qianjiang that had been governed by Chongqing City on behalf of the province since September of the previous year. These four prefecture-level entities were all abolished as distinct administrative divisions and formed one new Chongqing Municipality that contained 30,020,000 people in their 43 former counties (without intermediate political levels), to spearhead China's effort to develop its western regions as well as to coordinate the resettlement of refugees from the Three Gorges Dam project. The first official ceremony took place on June 18 of that year.


Interactive Maps (with Rating by Johomaps *) - External Links

Baidu.com (Chinese Only) General Rating:
  • Interface is very similar to Google Maps
  • Click on the orange squares, they represent major metropolitan areas where detailed street maps are available.
  • Very detailed mapping for the country side including names of many small villages
  • Subway routes included for major cities, but stations are not shown.
  • Accurate highway information but some projection errors are found in known areas.
  • User-friendliness: 4/5
  • Printer-friendliness: 4/5 (Use the print command on the top right hand corner)
Required Program None
Orthophoto  
Road Names and Highway Numbers
Additional Info N/A

 

Mapabc.com (Chinese Only) General Rating:
  • First Interactive Maps of China
  • Accurate information on streets and highways of most major cities in China.  Relative lack of information on rural areas.  As many other maps of China, it has difficulties catching up with the extreme speed of infrastructure construction. Some erroneous information on roads, for instance, a few highways are not actually highways.
  • Select city, province or regions in the middle column and go from there.
  • The Zoom tool is on the right margin of the map window.
  • User-friendliness: 3/5
  • Printer-friendliness: 4/5
Required Program Java Applet
Orthophoto  
Road Names and Highway Numbers (no hwy numbers)
Additional Info N/A

 

Reference Maps  - External Links


Map and info of Chongqing's Subway System (Urban Rail. net)
Maps and the most updated info on the subway system of Chongqing

 

Google Sat Photo
 
  • Map not available yet, satellite photo only
Required Program No
Orthophoto  
Road names and highway numbers
Additional Info N/A

 

* Ratings are based solely on opinions of our map reviewers.  Financial support and benefits to the web site have no influence on the ratings.